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Hypertension-A Silent Killer

Hypertension has no sign and symptoms and if uncontrolled can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Hypertension-A Silent Killer

Hypertension is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is continually increased. High blood pressure typically does not cause symptoms. Normal Blood pressure is 120/80mmHg.

Blood Pressure Categories

  1. Prehypertension: 120-129/<80mmHg
  2. Hypertension stage 1: 130-139/80-89mmHg
  3. Hypertension stage 2: >140/>90mmHg
  4. Hypertension stage 3: >180/>120mmHg

Hypertension best practices

  1. Most people with hypertension have no symptoms. Screen all adults for hypertension.
  2. Measure blood pressure the right way, right time.
  3. Use a good quality blood pressure monitor.
  4. Treat all patients whose blood pressure readings are greater than 140/90mmHg.
  5. Start treatment with medications on the same day if blood pressure is above 160/100mmHg.
  6. Recommend lifestyle management in addition to medicines for hypertension.
  7. Use once a day medication to improve treatment adherence.
  8. Explain the benefits of blood pressure control and risk of not taking medications.
  9. Follow patients up to ensure blood pressure control.

Image source: kinetikwellbeing.com

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