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Original Content

High protein diet

Life goes faster on protein!

High protein diet

High protein diet is recommended to increase muscle mass and reduction of body fat. Increased protein intake is associated with many other health benefits. The amino acids that make up proteins are required for healthy cells, bone formation, nail and hair growth.  However, some high-protein diets restrict carbohydrate intake so much that they can result in nutritional deficiencies or insufficient fibre, which can cause problems such as bad breath, headache and constipation. 

In the following conditions, a high protein diet is recommended

Dialysis

Increased intake of protein (as albumin excretes out of the body). Can be taken from chicken, fish, egg whites, mutton (qeema). 

Burn

1. Proteins are strong predictors for post-burn survival through their roles in gluconeogenesis, glycogenolysis, lipolysis, and proteolysis. The protein needs of burn patients are elevated because of losses through urine and wounds, increased use in gluconeogenesis, and wound healing.

2. Providing 20% to 25% of total calories as the protein of high biologic value also is recommended.

3. Best sources are beef, chicken, eggs, fish, mutton etc.

Surgery

1. Protein serves an important role in tissue maintenance, wound healing, and slowing endogenous protein catabolism, particularly after major surgery.

2. Best sources are beef, chicken, eggs, fish, mutton etc.

 Recovery

1. During periods of high physical stress, like acute illness or hospitalization, the body undergoes an adaptive metabolic response to survive the acute illness. Need high caloric, high protein diet.

2. Best sources are beef, chicken, eggs, fish, mutton etc 

Critical illness

1. During their stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), patients are hypercatabolic due to a combination of the underlying disease, comorbidities, bed rest inactivity and poor nutritional intake cause loss in lean body mass. 

Best sources

1. Beef, chicken, eggs, fish and mutton etc.

Diet plan

Breakfast

1. large egg (1)

2. Whole-wheat bread slice (1)

3. A cup low-fat milk (1)

Lunch

1. 1/2 cup cooked kidney beans

2. Whole wheat chapatti

3. Vegetable salad

Dinner

1. Chicken breast fried in olive oil (1)

2. The cup of brown rice (1)

3. A cup low-fat yoghurt  (1)

Image source: timesofindia.indiatimes.com

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