What is parenteral therapy?
Parenteral pertains to the non-oral route of administration i-e through a needle directly into the body or bypassing the skin. It is generally known as the injectable route of administration.
There are many parenteral routes which are used to administer the drug at the desired site like:
• Intramuscular (IM)
• Intra-Venous (IV)
• Subcutaneous (SC)
• Intra-Dermal ( beneath the skin)
• Intra-articular (in joints cavity)
• Intra-Cardiac (within the heart)
These are the most common routes through which the medication is directly injected at the site of action. There are many advantages of opting for this route, for example, site-specific delivery, emergency treatment and immediate action but our doctors nowadays have forgotten the real aim of this route and the patients have unfortunately misperceived its use as well.
For quick relief from the disease the patients usually demand a very speedy sort of treatment for the provision of which the physicians use injections. The hazards of injections are irreversible. On the spot, death can occur due to one wrong administration. Patients, as well as the physicians, need to understand that the injectables were made to be used in case of emergency and especially for the unconscious patients. We, here need to understand that not every route of administration can be used to treat our ailments.
1. As a patient, we should respect and trust our physician's decision and must be patient with our illness.
2. As a physician, patients' health is our responsibility which we must fulfil instead of listening to our patients and causing haste in the treatment.
Image source: opentextbc.ca