Every year, the world witnesses the International World Prematurity Day on November 17th. This day is celebrated in order to spread awareness about the premature birth of the babies around the globe that is the leading cause of death among children.
Babies born prematurely, usually three weeks before their time encounter more serious health issues than those who are born on time. The last few weeks in the womb are very significant. The baby gains nutrition and the body development is maximum at that time. The complication faced by the babies as well as the families is very miserable.
Common Causes of Premature Births
The common causes that have been enlisted are:
A woman with some disease conditions like hypertension, diabetes, heart disease may deliver the baby at preterm.
A malnourished mother can never deliver a healthy baby, therefore those women who have poor food intake and no balance in their nutrition face difficulties.
Smoking, alcohol consumption or drug abuse can be a major cause of preterm births.
If a woman has a previous history of premature deliveries, there are chances that the next delivery may be premature.
Abnormal Body Stretches
A weak uterus may cause the cervix to dilate and open early and cause premature birth of the baby.
Health Issues in Premature Infants
The health problems that the infants face are generally:
- abnormal breathing
- low body weight
- low muscle mass
- fluctuating body temperature
- less active child
- coordination issues
- pale or yellow skin
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